Back injuries are the number one disability for people under the age of 45 in the present time. It is estimated that majority of the population will experience an incident of low back pain some time in their lives. Of these, some will go on to develop chronic low back pain.
This problem cost lakhs of rupees for medical care.
The cause of LBP is often elusive; however four common causes have been recognized:
- Herniated disc
- Degenerative disc disease
Lower back problems are time and again associated with an imbalance of strength and flexibility of the lower back and abdominal muscle groups. Poor flexibility in the hamstrings and hip flexor muscles also have been linked to lower back pain.
A strong connection exists between LBP and excess body weight, smoking and decreased physical activity. Many physicians believe that the major cause of chronic low back pain is simply physical conditioning. More specifically low endurance in the large muscle groups particularly the back extensors seems to put one at a greater risk of developing lower back pain.
Looking at what causes the lower back pain, aerobic training and exercises for the low back should be performed on a regular basis as a part of the cure and prevention of LBP.
Those with excess body weight should reduce their weight.
Those having a sedentary life or a deskbound job should exercise regularly.
It is clear that physical fitness combined with healthy lifestyle helps prevent lower back pain.