First things first, if you are an asthmatic, do not participate in exercises until and unless your physician tells you to, because only those with stable asthma should exercise.
Asthma is one of the most common respiratory disorders affecting both adults and children. While asthmatics will benefit from an exercise program, there is a fear of getting an asthma attack during exercise which is called exercise-induced asthma (EIA).
There is not much of an explanation on the exact cause of EIA. However it is believed to be caused when the airways become dry as moisture is absorbed from the air as it passes from the nose to the lungs. EIA causes little obstruction in the airway and are not life threatening. Those with controlled asthma who take part in regular exercises will be able to participate in their daily activities with fewer asthma attacks as their ventilatory requirement for various tasks will be reduced. Studies have shown that those exercising regularly have reduced EIA.
While participating in an exercise routine is beneficial, it is important to work along with your physician who will develop an appropriative exercise program and provide parameters to your personal trainers.
A few exercise guidelines:-
- Keep your bronchodilator with you at all times. Using your bronchodilator several minutes before exercising may reduce the possibility of an EIA.
- Use bronchodilator on first sign of wheezing.
- Breathe through your nose while exercising.
- Avoid rigorous exercise by keeping the intensity low and gradually progress.
- Asthmatics often respond best to exercise in the mid to late morning.
- Drink lots of water during exercises.
While these guidelines will help you adhere to your exercise regimen, remember only a person with stable asthma should participate in exercises. Your physician will tell you whether you can exercise or not and he will also give you many more guidelines to follow.